Red Notices are electronic alerts transmitted over INTERPOL’s database and disseminated to each member country, seeking the location and arrest of wanted persons with a view to extradition or similar lawful action.
A Red Notice contains information concerning the wanted person, including name, date or birth, nationality and a photograph. It also includes a summarised description of the charge for which the person is ‘wanted’ and a description of the acts they are alleged to have committed. These alerts are stored on INTERPOL’s databases and can be viewed at any time by police and immigration authorities.
A Red Notice provides a means of streamlining co-operation between the 192 member countries of INTERPOL with a view to the arrest and extradition of offenders deemed fugitives. It is not an “international arrest warrant”, although in some countries it acts as a warrant for arrest, which is then in turn subject to local procedure (this does not occur in the UK).
A Red Notice may be removed by the Requests Chamber of INTERPOL’s data processing body, the Commission for the Control of INTERPOL’s Files (“CCF”), conducting an ex post review.
Alternatively, a Red Notice may be removed by way of an application to a National Central Bureau (“NCB”), the body responsible at the national level for administering INTERPOL matters, in either the member country that requested its circulation or the country of residence of the individual. The UK NCB is the National Crime Agency.
The grounds of challenge to a Red Notice include that it does not comply with INTERPOL’s Constitution or data processing rules, for example where the underlying prosecution is politically motivated and/or the proceedings would violate the human rights of the subject of the Notice.